Tuesday, 22 March 2011

Earthquake E-mails

I know at some point I mentioned that there are e-mails that I receive once per day outlining all the seismic activity logged around the world. The e-mails are always one week behind.

The earthquake must not have been too hard to see coming that created the tsunami that whacked Japan... on this first report dated 9 March, the red is the 7.2 magnitude foreshock that hit the Honshu area after several days of much smaller foreshocks.

Here is the e-mail I received for 9 March 2011:

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR NO. 1-075
GEOLOGICAL SURVEY MAR 16, 2011
NEIC/WDCS-D QUICK EPICENTER DETERMINATIONS

UTC TIME LAT LONG DEP GS MAGS Q SD GAP STA F-E REGION AND COMMENTS
HRMNSEC MB Msz USED

MAR 09
013034.0* 19.476S 171.700E 81? 4.7 C 1.1 121 28 VANUATU REGION
014749.4 52.880N 160.670E 50 4.5 A 0.9 162 54 OFF E CST KAMCHATKA, RUSSIA
024520.2 38.424N 142.836E 32G A 1.0 29 494 NEAR THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN. MW 7.3 (WCMT), 7.2 (GS). ME 7.2 (GS). Felt (V) at Misawa and Sendai; (III) at Tokyo, Yokohama and Yokosuka; (II) at Sagamihara. Felt in much of eastern Honshu and southern Hokkaido. Broadband Source Parameters (GS): Dep 3.2 km; Radiated energy 1.3*10**15 Nm. Complex earthquake. Centroid, Moment Tensor (WCMT): Centroid origin time 02:45:18.0; Lat 38.51 N; Lon 142.99 E; Dep 35.0 km; Principal axes (scale 10**19 Nm): (T) Val=9.86, Plg=59, Azm=294; (N) Val=0.03, Plg=2, Azm=200; (P) Val=-9.89, Plg=30, Azm=109; Best double couple: Mo=9.9*10**19 Nm; NP1: Strike=192, Dip=14, Slip=81; NP2: Strike=21, Dip=76, Slip=92. Scalar Moment (PPT): Mo=9.4*10**19 Nm.
025716.3 38.358N 142.893E 21 5.7 A 1.0 34 293 NEAR E COAST HONSHU, JAPAN
030835.9 38.339N 143.097E 24 5.2 A 1.0 79 246 OFF E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
5.0 (GS). mbLg 4.5 (GS).
031900.1 38.795N 142.962E 20 5.0 A 0.7 132 89 NR E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
4.4 (GS). mbLg 3.8 (GS).
040553.7 38.870N 142.420E 11 5.2 A 1.2 102 74 NR E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
4.8 (GS). mbLg 4.2 (GS).
041539.1 38.857N 142.658E 13 4.8 A 0.9 135 41 NR E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
4.1 (GS). mbLg 3.6 (GS).
043210.0 38.727N 143.001E 32 5.2 A 0.9 101 169 OFF E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
4.7 (GS). mbLg 4.3 (GS).
043703.7 38.666N 142.991E 26 5.7 A 0.7 85 238 NR E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
5.5 (GS). mbLg 4.8 (GS).
044554.0 38.543N 142.740E 27 5.3 A 1.6 121 105 NR E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
5.0 (GS). mbLg 4.4 (GS).
052706.4 37.830N 145.135E 10 4.7 A 1.3 166 28 OFF E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
4.5 (GS). mbLg 3.6 (GS).
061213.4 38.681N 143.022E 10 4.9 A 0.7 135 52 OFF E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
4.3 (GS). mbLg 3.7 (GS).
062512.3 38.299N 143.067E 11 5.1 A 0.9 104 184 OFF E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
4.7 (GS). mbLg 4.2 (GS).
071348.4 38.246N 143.108E 10 5.0 A 0.8 135 83 OFF E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
4.6 (GS). mbLg 4.0 (GS).
075627.7 38.849N 142.928E 11 5.1 A 0.7 117 194 NR E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
4.6 (GS). mbLg 4.1 (GS).
080236.3 38.606N 143.103E 15 5.3 A 0.5 97 214 OFF E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
4.8 (GS). mbLg 4.2 (GS).
085538.3 38.668N 143.055E 16 4.8 A 0.6 118 84 OFF E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
4.1 (GS). mbLg 3.5 (GS).
101339.5 38.721N 143.090E 27 4.7 A 0.7 133 56 OFF E COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
102658.8& 39.900N 111.970W 0 13 UTAH. . MD 2.2 (SLC).
Felt at Elberta.
110508.6* 19.407N 75.395W 5G B 1.6 132 6 CUBA REGION. ML 3.5 (GS). ML
3.5 (GS). Felt at Santiago de Cuba.
112751.5 38.530N 143.040E 28 5.1 A 0.8 90 167 OFF E COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
120317.7 38.357N 143.119E 13 4.7 A 0.7 98 72 OFF E COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
132407.8 27.462S 68.853W 108D 5.0 A 0.8 94 178 CATAMARCA, ARGENTINA
135141.7 20.216S 174.350W 133* 5.1 B 1.0 127 45 TONGA
135727.8 8.631N 92.395E 23 5.3 A 0.9 64 132 NICOBAR ISL, INDIA REGION
142405.9 38.589N 143.226E 10G 4.8 A 0.9 104 48 OFF E COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
175727.2 18.714N 121.430E 60 4.9 A 1.3 116 44 LUZON, PHILIPPINES. ML 5.3
(GS).
181614.6 38.378N 142.506E 10 A 1.5 30 394 NEAR THE EAST COAST OF
HONSHU, JAPAN. MW 6.0 (GS), 6.0 (WCMT), 6.1 (UCMT). ME 6.2 (GS). mbLg
5.4 (GS). Broadband Source Parameters (GS): Dep 22 km; Radiated energy
4.3*10**13 Nm. Centroid, Moment Tensor (WCMT): Centroid origin time
18:16:15.0; Lat 38.13 N; Lon 142.94 E; Dep 20.0 km; Principal axes
(scale 10**18 Nm): (T) Val=1.36, Plg=58, Azm=299; (N) Val=-0.09, Plg=2,
Azm=204; (P) Val=-1.27, Plg=30, Azm=113; Best double couple:
Mo=1.3*10**18 Nm; NP1: Strike=195, Dip=14, Slip=79; NP2: Strike=25,
Dip=76, Slip=93. Moment Tensor (GS): Dep 22 km; Principal axes (scale
10**18 Nm): (T) Val=1.25, Plg=57, Azm=319; (N) Val=0.08, Plg=18,
Azm=198; (P) Val=-1.33, Plg=26, Azm=99; Best double couple:
Mo=1.3*10**18 Nm; NP1: Strike=24, Dip=74, Slip=109; NP2: Strike=153,
Dip=25, Slip=42. Scalar Moment (PPT): Mo=2.8*10**18 Nm.
184435.0 38.502N 143.199E 1 A 0.9 40 361 OFF THE EAST COAST OF
HONSHU, JAPAN. MW 5.9 (WCMT), 6.0 (GS). mbLg 4.8 (GS). Centroid, Moment
Tensor (WCMT): Centroid origin time 18:44:35.0; Lat 38.50 N; Lon 143.40
E; Dep 20.0 km; Principal axes (scale 10**17 Nm): (T) Val=8.50, Plg=53,
Azm=302; (N) Val=-0.10, Plg=5, Azm=205; (P) Val=-8.30, Plg=35, Azm=111;
Best double couple: Mo=8.0*10**17 Nm; NP1: Strike=175, Dip=10, Slip=59;
NP2: Strike=26, Dip=81, Slip=95.
204830.9 35.214N 92.385W 3 A 0.9 44 45 ARKANSAS. MD 4.2 (GS). mbLg
3.5 (GS).
210057.7 38.267N 142.580E 23 4.9 A 1.3 123 88 NR E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
4.5 (GS). mbLg 3.9 (GS).
212218.0 38.385N 142.642E 23 A 1.0 107 294 NEAR THE EAST COAST OF
HONSHU, JAPAN. ME 5.9 (GS). WP 6.1 (GS). mbLg 5.2 (GS). Broadband Source
Parameters (GS): Dep 23 km; Radiated energy 1.8*10**13 Nm. Scalar Moment
(PPT): Mo=6.3*10**18 Nm.
212452.7 5.980S 149.667E 51 A 1.2 39 91 NEW BRITAIN REGION, PAPUA
NEW GUINEA. MW 6.4 (WCMT). WP 6.6 (HON). Broadband Source Parameters
(GS): Dep 29 km. Centroid, Moment Tensor (WCMT): Centroid origin time
21:24:51.0; Lat 6.02 S; Lon 149.66 E; Dep 29.0 km; Principal axes (scale
10**18 Nm): (T) Val=5.50, Plg=70, Azm=347; (N) Val=-0.30, Plg=1, Azm=81;
(P) Val=-5.20, Plg=19, Azm=171; Best double couple: Mo=5.0*10**18 Nm;
NP1: Strike=264, Dip=26, Slip=93; NP2: Strike=81, Dip=64, Slip=89.
233700.7 38.438N 143.185E 33 5.4 A 0.6 46 320 OFF E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
4.8 (GS). mbLg 4.2 (GS).
235741.7 38.308N 143.275E 20 4.8 A 1.0 114 92 OFF E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
4.5 (GS). mbLg 3.8 (GS).


There were three larger mid-range quakes (6.0, 6.6) listed and 25 minor to unnoticeable shocks recorded. Not a good sign.

For 10 March, this is what I received:

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR NO. 1-076
GEOLOGICAL SURVEY MAR 17, 2011
NEIC QUICK EPICENTER DETERMINATIONS

UTC TIME LAT LONG DEP GS MAGS SD STA REGION--COMMENTS
HRMNSEC MB Msz USED

MAR 10
NO EVENTS LOCATED


I've been receiving these e-mails for the better part of ten years and I have never, ever seen a day with no recorded events. It is as if the planet was holding its breath... I experienced four earthquakes over my lifetime of living in New Jersey, and the stillness outside was always the dead giveaway that something was about to happen...

And 11 March:

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR NO. 1-077
GEOLOGICAL SURVEY MAR 18, 2011
NEIC/WDCS-D QUICK EPICENTER DETERMINATIONS

UTC TIME LAT LONG DEP GS MAGS Q SD GAP STA F-E REGION AND COMMENTS
HRMNSEC MB Msz USED

MAR 11
001451.4 54.369S 116.808W 10 5.3 A 1.0 148 43 SOUTHERN EAST PACIFIC RISE
040539.2 19.500N 109.074W 10G 4.4 A 1.3 198 114 REVILLA GIGEDO ISL REGION
042821.7 47.875N 154.086E 50 4.8 A 0.7 148 90 KURIL ISLANDS
054623.0 38.291N 142.405E 20 A 1.4 17 355 NEAR THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN. MW 9.0 (UCMT), 9.0 Magnitude (WCMT), 8.9 (GS). ME 8.6 (GS). Broadband Source Parameters (GS): Radiated energy 1.9*10**17 Nm. Centroid, Moment Tensor (WCMT): Centroid origin time 05:46:23.0; Lat 38.32 N; Lon 142.97 E; Dep 24.0 km; Principal axes (scale 10**22 Nm): (T) Val=3.88, Plg=59, Azm=295; (N) Val=0.03, Plg=2, Azm=201; (P) Val=-3.92, Plg=30, Azm=110; Best double couple: Mo=3.9*10**22 Nm; NP1: Strike=193, Dip=14, Slip=81; NP2: Strike=22, Dip=76, Slip=92. Centroid, Moment Tensor (UCMT): Centroid origin time 05:47:47.2; Lat 38.49 N; Lon 142.60 E; Dep 10.0 km; Principal axes (scale 10**22 Nm): (T) Val=4.57, Plg=58, Azm=306; (N) Val=-0.05, Plg=5, Azm=208; (P) Val=-4.52, Plg=32, Azm=115; Best double couple: Mo=4.5*10**22 Nm; NP1: Strike=29, Dip=77, Slip=95; NP2: Strike=187, Dip=14, Slip=68. 060613.2 39.007N 142.295E 42 6.4 A 0.7 27 244 NEAR E COAST HONSHU, JAPAN 060721.0 36.401N 141.863E 33 6.4 A 0.8 28 204 NEAR E COAST HONSHU, JAPAN 061540.8 36.179N 141.172E 39 6.8 A 1.4 48 108 NEAR THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN. MW 7.9 (UCMT), 7.9 (UCMT). Centroid, Moment Tensor (UCMT): Centroid origin time 06:15:55.2; Lat 35.94 N; Lon 141.67 E; Dep 30.0 km; Principal axes (scale 10**20 Nm): (T) Val=8.20, Plg=61, Azm=274; (N) Val=-0.78, Plg=4, Azm=12; (P) Val=-7.42, Plg=28, Azm=104; Best double couple: Mo=7.8*10**20 Nm; NP1: Strike=11, Dip=73, Slip=85; NP2: Strike=207, Dip=17, Slip=105.
061803.9& 19.344N 154.989W 9 5 HAWAII REGION, HAWAII.
. MD 3.3 (HVO).
062551.0 38.066N 144.592E 23 7.1 A 0.8 18 446 OFF E COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
064845.8 37.961N 142.721E 13 6.2 A 0.7 45 287 OFF E COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
065715.1 35.707N 140.889E 35 6.0 A 0.8 36 311 NEAR E COAST HONSHU, JAPAN
071100.6 37.882N 142.699E 39 5.8 A 0.8 44 265 OFF E COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
071347.4 36.127N 142.349E 35G 5.9 A 1.0 51 249 OFF E COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
071457.5 36.588N 141.837E 15 6.3 A 0.9 38 328 NEAR E COAST HONSHU, JAPAN
072536.1 37.933N 144.521E 36 6.1 A 0.8 51 346 OFF E COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
072813.6 36.806N 141.798E 38 6.1 A 0.6 52 235 NEAR E COAST HONSHU, JAPAN
073826.0 39.217N 142.775E 27 5.9 A 0.7 62 257 NEAR E COAST HONSHU, JAPAN
074250.8 36.381N 141.971E 3* 5.8 B 0.9 72 133 NEAR E COAST HONSHU, JAPAN
075445.1 37.723N 141.584E 48 5.7 A 0.7 78 248 NEAR E COAST HONSHU, JAPAN
075613.7 37.075N 142.312E 24 5.6 A 0.7 84 117 OFF E COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
080157.3 36.962N 142.687E 21 5.8 A 0.8 52 263 OFF E COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
081030.7 36.335N 140.717E 31 5.5 A 0.8 112 141 NEAR E COAST HONSHU, JAPAN
081206.8 36.574N 141.506E 35 6.2 A 0.7 28 403 NEAR E COAST HONSHU, JAPAN
081542.0 37.037N 144.525E 42 6.2 A 0.6 83 183 OFF E COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
081924.6 36.177N 141.534E 8 6.5 A 0.9 18 329 NEAR E COAST HONSHU, JAPAN
083109.2 37.470N 141.165E 36 6.1 A 0.7 51 234 NEAR E COAST HONSHU, JAPAN
084056.8 37.439N 140.986E 46 6.0 A 0.6 69 247 EASTERN HONSHU, JAPAN
084646.5 37.412N 142.446E 30 5.6 A 0.6 86 159 OFF E COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
085223.3 36.781N 141.932E 16 5.4 A 0.7 57 212 NEAR E COAST HONSHU, JAPAN
085825.7& 19.341N 154.992W 9 10 HAWAII REGION, HAWAII.
. ML 4.6 (HVO). Felt (IV) at Mountain View, Pa`auilo and Papa`ikou;
(III) at Captain Cook, Hilo, Kea`au, Kurtistown, Pahoa, Pepeekeo and
Volcano; (II) at Honoka`a, Kailua Kona, Waimea and Waikoloa. Also felt
at Hakalau, Hawaii National Park, Hawi, Holualoa, Honaunau, Honomu,
Kealakekua and Ninole.
090019.7 37.056N 141.966E 20 5.2 A 1.5 86 38 NR E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
4.4 (GS). mbLg 4.0 (GS).
090410.0 37.299N 142.655E 31 5.4 A 0.7 68 175 OFF E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
5.3 (GS). mbLg 4.9 (GS).
090914.6 37.717N 143.267E 36 5.5 A 0.6 65 230 OFF E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
5.5 (GS). mbLg 4.7 (GS).
093708.4 35.878N 141.585E 30 5.4 A 0.6 47 236 NR E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
5.1 (GS). mbLg 4.7 (GS).
094222.4 39.438N 142.749E 30 5.2 A 0.6 122 188 NEAR THE EAST COAST OF
HONSHU, JAPAN. ML 5.0 (GS).
094701.7 39.685N 142.938E 30 5.5 A 1.4 114 185 NR E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
5.0 (GS). mbLg 4.7 (GS).
095956.9 36.703N 142.207E 42 5.2 A 0.7 104 110 OFF E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
4.7 (GS). mbLg 4.3 (GS).
101034.8 39.248N 142.779E 29 6.0 A 1.0 82 322 NR E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
5.8 (GS). mbLg 4.9 (GS).
102027.3 36.966N 142.289E 22 5.6 A 0.7 94 209 OFF E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
5.1 (GS). mbLg 4.8 (GS).
102844.1 39.447N 143.531E 29 5.9 A 0.7 27 298 OFF E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
5.1 (GS). mbLg 4.5 (GS).
103535.7 37.044N 141.298E 26 5.3 A 0.9 114 149 NR E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
5.0 (GS). mbLg 4.6 (GS).
104546.2 38.466N 143.591E 41 5.5 A 0.7 58 234 OFF E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
4.8 (GS). mbLg 4.1 (GS).
105207.7 38.534N 143.346E 30 5.0 A 0.8 115 126 OFF E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
4.5 (GS). mbLg 4.1 (GS).
105623.1 35.496N 97.090W 5 A 1.8 88 25 OKLAHOMA. ML 3.6 (GS). mbLg
3.2 (GS). Felt at Harrah and McLoud.
105805.5 39.060N 142.213E 30 5.1 A 0.7 70 114 NR E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
4.5 (GS). mbLg 4.3 (GS).
110051.2 37.813N 141.481E 29 5.6 A 0.7 47 309 NEAR THE EAST COAST OF
HONSHU, JAPAN. ML 5.2 (GS).
111057.8 35.534N 141.856E 28 5.5 A 0.8 55 170 NR E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
5.0 (GS). mbLg 4.5 (GS).
111312.3 36.451N 141.789E 18 5.5 A 0.6 65 184 NR E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
5.0 (GS). mbLg 4.9 (GS).
111650.7 36.614N 141.894E 37 5.5 A 1.2 62 170 NR E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
5.2 (GS). mbLg 4.9 (GS).
112102.0 35.759N 140.913E 25 5.7 A 0.6 28 253 NEAR THE EAST COAST OF
HONSHU, JAPAN. ML 5.2 (GS).
113639.1 39.276N 142.521E 12 6.5 A 0.7 10 504 NR E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
6.0 (GS). mbLg 5.6 (GS).
114428.2 36.709N 142.231E 31 5.8 A 0.9 61 221 OFF E CST HONSHU, JAPAN.
mbLg 5.2 (GS). ML 5.2 (GS).
114646.9 36.034N 141.055E 48 5.8 A 0.4 147 41 NR E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
4.8 (GS). mbLg 4.6 (GS).
115402.1 36.982N 142.535E 45 5.1 A 1.4 128 42 OFF E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
4.5 (GS). mbLg 4.2 (GS).
115616.0 36.356N 141.504E 39 5.5 A 0.6 118 112 NR E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
4.8 (GS). mbLg 4.7 (GS).
120416.4 36.351N 142.700E 38 5.1 A 1.0 89 50 OFF THE EAST COAST OF
HONSHU, JAPAN. ML 4.6 (GS).
121253.0 38.052N 142.542E 22 5.9 A 0.6 32 222 NR E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
5.7 (GS). mbLg 5.1 (GS).
122437.4 36.525N 141.707E 28 5.3 A 0.7 115 170 NR E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
4.7 (GS). mbLg 4.7 (GS).
122844.8 36.166N 141.664E 29 5.2 A 0.7 121 122 NR E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
4.6 (GS). mbLg 4.4 (GS).
123318.5 38.374N 142.590E 30 5.2 A 1.2 129 45 NR E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
4.8 (GS). mbLg 4.5 (GS).
123422.2 36.912N 143.736E 39 5.3 A 1.1 124 120 OFF E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
5.2 (GS). mbLg 4.7 (GS).
124901.4 36.158N 141.711E 25 5.6 A 0.7 97 311 NR E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
5.2 (GS). mbLg 4.9 (GS).
125452.0 38.502N 142.120E 37 5.4 A 0.8 70 273 NEAR THE EAST COAST OF
HONSHU, JAPAN. ML 5.0 (GS).
125921.0 36.128N 141.768E 25 5.3 A 1.1 123 72 NR E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
5.0 (GS). mbLg 4.6 (GS).
130243.4 36.756N 141.885E 30 5.3 A 0.6 129 25 NEAR THE EAST COAST OF
HONSHU, JAPAN. ML 4.5 (GS).
131545.1 37.393N 141.882E 30 5.2 A 0.5 114 142 NR E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
4.7 (GS). mbLg 4.7 (GS).
131649.7 36.304N 141.730E 30 5.8 A 0.9 117 92 NR E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
5.3 (GS). mbLg 5.2 (GS).
133154.5 39.152N 142.837E 25 5.1 A 0.6 103 98 NR E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. mbLg
4.4 (GS). ML 4.3 (GS).
133436.0 36.249N 141.850E 36 5.6 A 0.8 115 140 NR E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
5.0 (GS). mbLg 4.9 (GS).
134226.9 37.410N 142.009E 25 4.9 A 0.5 122 117 OFF THE EAST COAST OF
HONSHU, JAPAN. ML 4.5 (GS).
134310.4 38.972N 144.209E 25 5.6 A 0.7 55 191 OFF E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
5.1 (GS). mbLg 4.7 (GS).
134838.0 38.426N 143.061E 25 5.3 A 0.8 115 188 OFF E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
4.9 (GS). mbLg 4.3 (GS).
135532.0 38.131N 142.783E 59 5.2 A 0.6 97 221 NEAR THE EAST COAST OF
HONSHU, JAPAN. ML 5.2 (GS).
135849.5 36.681N 141.776E 25 4.9 A 0.5 134 48 NR E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
4.4 (GS). mbLg 4.3 (GS).
140037.7 36.151N 140.845E 31 5.5 A 0.7 84 243 NR E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
5.0 (GS). mbLg 4.8 (GS).
141039.2 37.575N 141.963E 26 5.2 A 0.6 114 171 NR E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
4.9 (GS). mbLg 4.5 (GS).
142019.7 37.947N 143.183E 25 5.1 A 0.7 134 107 OFF E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
4.6 (GS). mbLg 4.4 (GS).
142630.7 37.431N 142.254E 13 5.4 A 1.2 125 117 OFF E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
4.6 (GS). mbLg 4.0 (GS).
144407.5 36.655N 140.769E 25 5.1 A 0.7 133 138 NEAR THE EAST COAST OF
HONSHU, JAPAN. ML 4.3 (GS).
145403.6 35.919N 141.819E 25 5.4 A 0.6 87 108 NR E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
4.8 (GS). mbLg 4.8 (GS).
145615.7 35.979N 141.367E 25 5.8 A 0.7 53 272 NEAR THE EAST COAST OF
HONSHU, JAPAN. mbLg 5.1 (GS).
150138.6 39.082N 142.383E 26 5.0 A 0.6 97 114 NEAR THE EAST COAST OF
HONSHU, JAPAN. ML 4.4 (GS).
151312.0 36.030N 141.810E 1 6.2 6.3 A 0.7 14 479 NEAR E COAST HONSHU, JAPAN
151937.5 36.233N 141.856E 25 5.6 A 0.6 98 206 NR E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
5.5 (GS). mbLg 5.3 (GS).
153233.7 37.216N 142.233E 25 5.2 A 0.8 115 139 OFF E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
5.0 (GS). mbLg 4.8 (GS).
153615.8 38.907N 142.722E 25 4.9 A 0.7 124 82 NR E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
4.2 (GS). mbLg 4.2 (GS).
154205.0 36.066N 141.515E 16 5.4 A 1.0 110 135 NR E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
4.9 (GS). mbLg 4.7 (GS).
154601.8 36.022N 141.958E 20 5.0 A 0.8 100 54 NR E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
4.3 (GS). mbLg 4.0 (GS).
155059.2 37.409N 142.217E 25 4.9 A 0.6 117 39 OFF E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
4.6 (GS). mbLg 4.1 (GS).
155522.7 36.626N 142.162E 25 5.0 A 1.4 139 23 OFF E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
4.5 (GS). mbLg 4.0 (GS).
160452.8 39.236N 144.320E 26 5.3 A 0.7 98 137 OFF E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
4.8 (GS). mbLg 4.2 (GS).
161126.5 39.463N 143.577E 9 5.5 A 1.2 40 249 OFF E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
5.2 (GS). mbLg 4.4 (GS).
162051.7 36.157N 141.877E 25 5.0 A 0.6 122 145 NR E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
4.5 (GS). mbLg 4.1 (GS).
163421.5 39.376N 143.405E 41 5.0 A 1.0 133 171 OFF E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
4.2 (GS). mbLg 4.2 (GS).
165452.9 12.304N 87.514W 64 4.8 A 1.4 146 103 NEAR THE COAST OF NICARAGUA.
ML 4.5 (GS).
165552.5 37.779N 143.171E 25 5.0 A 0.6 132 143 OFF E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
4.5 (GS). mbLg 4.2 (GS).
171116.1 38.508N 144.240E 26 4.9 A 1.0 136 43 OFF E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
4.5 (GS). mbLg 3.9 (GS).
171237.5 37.487N 144.118E 9 5.0 A 0.7 69 140 OFF THE EAST COAST OF
HONSHU, JAPAN. ML 4.3 (GS).
171459.5 39.015N 142.517E 52 4.8 A 1.0 96 107 NEAR THE EAST COAST OF
HONSHU, JAPAN. ML 4.2 (GS).
171659.7 37.111N 144.145E 26 5.5 A 0.6 73 231 OFF E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
5.7 (GS). mbLg 5.2 (GS).
172357.2 36.015N 141.888E 25 5.0 A 0.9 103 150 NR E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
4.7 (GS). mbLg 4.3 (GS).
173047.8 37.418N 141.099E 25 5.0 A 0.7 104 197 NR E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
4.6 (GS). mbLg 4.5 (GS).
173213.5 37.137N 144.572E 25 5.4 A 0.7 91 242 OFF E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
4.8 (GS). mbLg 4.3 (GS).
175001.4 37.648N 144.991E 26 5.0 A 0.6 134 110 OFF E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
4.7 (GS). mbLg 4.5 (GS).
180238.7 36.793N 143.212E 25 4.7 A 1.0 113 41 OFF THE EAST COAST OF
HONSHU, JAPAN. ML 4.3 (GS).
181124.4 37.118N 142.160E 14 5.7 A 0.7 73 375 OFF E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
5.5 (GS). mbLg 5.2 (GS).
181705.5 36.218N 141.685E 25 5.9 A 0.6 53 354 NR E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
5.2 (GS). mbLg 4.8 (GS).
183933.8 37.916N 143.055E 2 4.9 A 0.8 82 103 OFF E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
4.4 (GS). mbLg 4.0 (GS).
184313.5 40.139N 143.062E 90 4.9 A 1.0 130 93 OFF THE EAST COAST OF
HONSHU, JAPAN. ML 5.3 (GS).
184406.0 36.858N 141.029E 26 5.1 A 0.6 85 196 NR E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
5.0 (GS). mbLg 4.7 (GS).
185514.8 35.814N 141.657E 25 4.9 A 0.9 102 130 NR E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
4.5 (GS). mbLg 4.2 (GS).
185915.2 37.028N 138.360E 2 6.2 6.2 A 1.2 12 439 NEAR W COAST HONSHU, JAPAN
190259.3 39.367N 142.861E 28 6.1 6.2 A 0.8 14 366 NEAR E COAST HONSHU, JAPAN
192428.5 35.770N 140.639E 25 5.5 A 0.8 55 345 NR E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
5.3 (GS). mbLg 4.8 (GS).
193156.1 36.945N 138.302E 12 5.5 A 0.8 71 303 EASTERN HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
5.1 (GS). mbLg 5.0 (GS).
194524.3 37.653N 141.548E 25 5.2 A 0.6 81 221 NR E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
5.1 (GS). mbLg 4.8 (GS).
194649.4 40.472N 139.070E 1 A 0.8 59 417 NR W CST HONSHU, JAPAN. WP
6.6 (GS). mbLg 4.5 (GS).
201122.7 39.025N 142.645E 9 A 0.6 17 471 NR E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. MW
6.3 (GS). mbLg 5.0 (GS).
202343.7 35.818N 141.583E 24 5.5 A 0.6 47 305 NR E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
5.0 (GS). mbLg 4.6 (GS).
203440.4 36.993N 140.985E 25 5.1 A 0.7 102 171 NR E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
5.1 (GS). mbLg 4.7 (GS).
203610.2 37.838N 142.847E 25 5.5 A 0.7 31 267 OFF E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
4.8 (GS). mbLg 4.7 (GS).
204124.4 37.675N 143.698E 25 5.0 A 1.1 135 67 OFF E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
5.2 (GS). mbLg 4.3 (GS).
210045.5 39.048N 142.477E 25 5.4 A 0.7 78 207 NR E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
4.9 (GS). mbLg 4.4 (GS).
213425.1 37.401N 141.236E 37 4.8 A 0.7 122 88 NR E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
4.5 (GS). mbLg 4.2 (GS).
214157.5 37.279N 142.351E 10 5.3 A 0.6 85 213 OFF E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
5.0 (GS). mbLg 4.6 (GS).
220813.5 40.152N 142.219E 48 4.8 A 1.3 165 32 NR E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
3.9 (GS). mbLg 3.8 (GS).
222235.5 39.180N 142.917E 25 4.9 A 0.8 73 44 NEAR THE EAST COAST OF
HONSHU, JAPAN. mbLg 3.7 (GS).
222942.0 38.285N 142.636E 25 4.7 A 0.5 134 48 NR E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
4.2 (GS). mbLg 3.7 (GS).
223656.8 37.097N 143.796E 25 5.0 A 0.6 130 74 OFF THE EAST COAST OF
HONSHU, JAPAN. ML 4.3 (GS).
224258.5 37.627N 143.801E 27 5.3 A 1.0 101 190 OFF E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
4.7 (GS). mbLg 4.3 (GS).
225118.2 37.807N 144.967E 25 A 0.9 82 298 OFF E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. WP
5.8 (GS). mbLg 4.9 (GS).
225428.3 36.494N 142.267E 25 5.4 A 0.8 104 83 OFF E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
4.8 (GS). mbLg 4.5 (GS).
230514.5 39.732N 141.850E 65 4.9 A 0.5 116 123 EASTERN HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
4.3 (GS).
232122.0 39.161N 143.296E 25 5.0 A 0.4 146 72 OFF E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
4.2 (GS). mbLg 3.7 (GS).
232650.6 39.178N 142.709E 25 5.3 A 0.7 63 201 NR E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
4.5 (GS). mbLg 4.2 (GS).
233122.6 33.728N 143.855E 25 4.8 A 1.0 110 33 OFF THE EAST COAST OF
HONSHU, JAPAN. ML 4.5 (GS).
234011.8 37.073N 143.529E 25 5.1 A 0.7 115 146 OFF E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
4.2 (GS). mbLg 3.8 (GS).
235328.6 38.858N 142.452E 25 5.1 A 0.7 104 127 NEAR THE EAST COAST OF
HONSHU, JAPAN. mbLg 4.4 (GS).
235803.6 38.460N 143.530E 29 5.3 A 0.8 93 193 OFF E CST HONSHU, JAPAN.
mbLg 4.8 (GS). ML 4.6 (GS).
235921.2 36.499N 141.441E 23 5.4 A 0.7 93 136 NR E CST HONSHU, JAPAN. ML
5.1 (GS). mbLg 4.7 (GS).


You can see in red the major 9.0 magnitude undersea earthquake that hit at 14:46 (Japanese local time) on Friday, 11 March and the subsequent aftershocks that followed. There were many, many of those aftershocks and still are. Today's report was filled with aftershocks from the same fault line: 44 minor to unnoticeable aftershocks, one small one, one that registered 5.8mag, two 6.0mag and one 6.1 magnitude shock.

The people in Japan are accustomed to earthquakes, as Japan lies on one of the most active subduction faults in the world. Subduction means one plate is sliding under the other, which creates the multitudes of volcanoes throughout Japan. This is not like the San Andreas Fault, a slip-strike fault, which tends toward violent earthquakes when the two plates are stuck and then one finally gives and creates the waves that strike Southern California.

Undersea earthquakes are the prime movers that create tsunamis, a Japanese word that means "harbour wave". What does it tell you when a language has a specialised word to describe these deadly waves? This is not to be confused with the term "tidal wave", which really is a storm surge or some other water movement. Tsunamis are caused by earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and underwater landslides. While normally associated with oceanic wave motions, large lakes can also experience tsunamis.

As much as I study earthquakes and volcanic activity, I don't wish to experience a tsunami the way I do earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. I suspect that there is no safe distance from which to see these monsters at work. While the moments leading up to a tsunami sound interesting (where the ocean disappears right before the monster wave rolls in) the ensuing chaos would arrive too fast to get out of the way. I've seen films of those moments leading up to a tsunami and that is good enough for me.

Sunday, 13 March 2011

Here Comes the Spring...

I love spring and quite frankly after the non-stop brutality of this winter, I need spring! But with the warmer air, the flowers and the longer days comes the flood waters. And they are here. Big time here. Lake Hiawatha and lower Parsippany are under 4 to 5 feet of water and Wayne - well, damn! It is crazy how high that water gets.

We had a couple of trips to St. Clares ER and the St. Clares Lake had taken over the lower parking entirely and some of the mid-level parking. Not pretty. (Just so you know, there is no such thing as St. Clares Lake - it's the Rockaway River snaking by behind and to the side of it.) New Road was closed (and smelling quite lovely with the sewage plant so close by). The wall of the Lake Hiawatha lower area was holding the river at bay but only by inches. I understand the water is receding, but April is known for its wet weather and if we get any more snow and it melts as the piles of it mostly have now, the rivers will be up again.

It's always Wayne that makes the news, however, and why not? The River section of it floods dramatically and annually. I find it mystifying that the crappy houses of that area are always lived in but the owners have high end cars. I would drive a wreck for as long as it takes to move out of the flood zone and not count the cost. We never had that problem - we did not look at houses in the flood areas of any of the towns we lived in (Fairfield, which has Horseneck Road, Big Piece Road and a couple others under water), Montville (with some of its roads flooded), Wayne and Lake Hiawatha. We rented a house on Horseneck Road for four years (1990 to 1994) and had immeasurable issues with the yard and the basement flooding.

I'm looking forward to everything else that spring brings, but the flooding is something we could all live without.

Saturday, 5 March 2011

Meet Me Where I Stand...

I am gratified and amazed at people's response to my leaving the workforce. I'm sad to go but I have to look out for my health (what health, you ask - not much of it!) first, and everyone respects that. And I have made friends for life with my most recent wonderful place. I hate to leave.

The name of this post is a line from a Coldplay song, Rush of Blood to the Head. I really love the song and the line is appropriate to my feelings about this working thing... well, this not working thing.

The gods only know I've had plenty of time to get used to the idea. I guess it is just such a radical departure from my life - I've been working since I was 15 - and that is a strange, scary, daunting thing. I suppose it is a good thing overall. This winter has stomped all over and has not hung me out to dry - I have to think this will dramatically improve when the warmer weather comes - so maybe it won't kill me so much. (Fat chance - it won't stop because I needn't be somewhere, it just won't be ruinous to my day if I can't get out.)

And I won't be riding on Thursday nights for a while - we have had an influx of new squad members and Chris asked me if I would step down from Thursdays to allow one of the new members to have a regular riding night. I said yes, although I'm not thrilled about it, but I understand the new folks needing that training. Besides I can always fill in when the others are out. And I'll put in time during the day and hopefully see Bob during the week.

It's not a bad change, it may even work out better - I might be pushing myself too far here, too. But this is huge part of my life. I can't just be Aislínge Kellogg. I need to have something appended to it, so since I won't be Aislínge Kellogg, HR Manager I will be Aislínge Kellogg, EMT. Or as Bob would say, EMT Wench! (How do you think I earned that nickname and now my car plates?)

Well, in two more weeks I will be stepping into my new life. Or plunging into it, I guess - with my usual impetuosity and "devil may care" attitude. That at least helps. And I know somewhere in there will be a vacation - I'm overdue to travel and why not do it now?

So meet me by the bridge, meet me by the lane.
When am I going to see that pretty face again?
Meet me on the road, meet me where I stand.
Blame it all upon a rush of blood to the head.

Thursday, 3 March 2011

I'm Baaack....

It's tough to know how long this will last, although I have two weeks of the work life left... who knows how much I will be doing... and how much there will be to write about. Maybe my life will suddenly go from 65 miles an hour to zip and there won't be anything to say.

Fat chance.

The condition of the human race is to - in general - communicate. I am very much a communicator. So there will always be something to speak of, gripe about, rave over... etc. There is so much going on in life. OK, so I'm closing one chapter, and that is not easy. But I'm also looking forward to the next chapter, and we will see how that goes. I feel optimistic but reluctant to run into it at the same time. Been working so long, I really don't know how to do anything else.

And there is that whole identity thing. So much is wrapped up in what one does rather than who one is. What's the first, maybe second, question that comes up in a conversation with a new person? "Oh, what do you do for a living?" In the United States, we are what we do. So in two weeks, I will just be Aislinge Kellogg, private citizen, not what I do... because I won't be doing anything.

A daunting thought, I grant you.

Not that I won't have anything to do. I have correspondence to catch up on, household projects that have needed doing for a long, long time. (Doesn't everyone have those? You betcha. That list of things that somehow need doing but never get done, even when you had time. Now, you are a captive audience and they are still there, waiting for you. Humming to you. Calling your name... possibly screaming it.

Ugh.

I do hold a lot of anger toward my mother but this is something that I cannot blame her for. Who knew in 1967 when she got pregnant with me that anyone in our family had muscular dystrophy? No one. Missed all of us until later generations - my grandmother did not show symptoms until she was in her 60s. My mother, her 40s. Me, my 30s. I didn't get a diagnosis until 25 April 2008 - from my early 30s until I was age 40, I had something slowly going wrong and did not know what it was. And the doctors I saw... Luis remembered the neuro guy that informed me that only men get muscular dystrophy (I had read something on it and asked) and it never shows up in women. What an idiot. He was not only wrong, he was almost exactly the opposite. Muscular dystrophy is a immunological condition at heart and it is most commonly women who suffer those kinds of diseases.

The world is full of stupid people.

So it is just as well I never wanted kids. As it clearly shows up earlier and earlier in each successive generation, there is little wonder how fast it would have shown in any children I produced. This is really reason 5,398 not to have kids, so it wasn't a hard decision by any means, but it is just that much better. Like somehow the gods saw fit not see us have children (my now-40 cousin hasn't any kids and she, like me, has the dreaded gene and the full-blown disease. Let's neither of us have kids!

It won't kill me - well, it won't kill me directly. But I can't believe the shit that comes up out of this. Here's a fun one: just about every week I obtain some kind of injury somewhere. Now, I'm sure there are times when Luis would love to slap me but he would never hurt me. I mentioned to him on Monday that my upper left arm hurt and he said, "Yeah, you crashed into the wall last night." I was mystified - you would think I'd remember that. And then he piped up, "You crash into stuff all the time."

OH. MY. GODS!

I knew I careened into walls all the time - and I do it everywhere. Work, home, patient calls, my parents' house - all edifices I know all too well. I mean, yikes! I was always worried that someone would see me and I'd be embarrassed (not to mention that people might think I was hitting the bottle!). I was always sure that no one at work saw me at work do it - for one thing, if they had, they'd have walked up to me and said, "Oh my god, are you okay?!" while surreptitiously smelling my breath for alcohol. (Which would be ironic since I'm almost the only teetotaler there! I love my coworkers and I'm a little envious that they are all appreciative of wine while it is completely wasted on me!)

If Luis is seeing it, how many others do?

Or the shaky hands. That's always my favourite. If I forget to take my medication on time or don't eat in time, I get the shaky hands from hell. I'm very self-conscious about them. It is a totally different thing to write about them - I seem distant from it - but at work I find myself sitting on them or hiding them in some fashion if they begin to get tremulous. I hate that.

And how about the sleeping? (The appropriate answer is "what sleeping?"). Without a cocktail of meds, I don't sleep. Not at all, not a wink. Weird, right? I take five different things to go to sleep - but that's okay, because recently all the flare-ups are coming on between 0100 and 0500 in the morning and then that eats up several hours during which I nap but really don't sleep.

What a life.

It isn't a bad life and it isn't a wasted life, but it is a strange one. I mean, it has its ups and downs and it is still good in that I can walk, drive (ha, ha - I drive better than I walk), do things. In fact, I have a tendency to overdo things because I want to be strong and able to do what other people do - even though I can't. There isn't any shame in that but I don't feel good about it.

Ah, well. Time to go to bed tonight. Wahoo. Nothing happened. Not bad.

ARTICLE: Get Ready for a Blitz of Bedbug Cases

Eeeeeiiiiuuuwwwww! Read on...

'Here's some news to make your skin crawl: Bedbug infestations will explode this year, particularly in the summer, experts say.

The bloodsuckers are already entrenched in the city and, like cockroaches, tend to thrive in July, August and September, said Jeffrey White, a research entomologist for Bedbugcentral.com. "I firmly believe that this year is going to be worse than last year," White said at a bedbug seminar Wednesday. "If we combine the seasonal trend, with the bugs getting more and more embedded in our community, that allows the bugs to make that resurgence all the more stronger."

Nearly 7% of adults in the city - 404,000 people - reported bedbug infestations in 2009, the Health Department said.

While cities are particularly vulnerable to bedbugs, even remote areas like Alaska have reported an 800% increase, White said. "It's not just a New York problem," he said. "Once you've got bedbugs, it can cost $1,200 to get rid of them professionally," White said.

"The big problem is not getting bit, it's bringing them home," said Adam Greenberg, president of BugZip, a $10-$20 plastic covering that shields luggage in hotel rooms.

Though a bedbug's bite is thought not to spread disease, the thought of having your blood sucked while asleep can be psychologically devastating, White said. "I've seen people completely emotionally crumble from dealing with it," White said. "People just need to be educated. It's not going away anytime soon."

Preventing bedbug bedlam in your home

  • Inspect hotel room mattresses, bedding, furniture and closet hangers for signs of infestation.
  • Never put clothes in hotel drawers or on a hotel floor.
  • Travel with resealable bags large enough to hold clothes.
  • Use dissolvable laundry bags when travelling. The bags can go straight from your suitcase to the washing machine.
  • If in doubt, don't bring belongings in the house.
  • Check your laptop. The bedbugs are attracted to the heat and body oils on the computer.
  • Periodically inspect cribs, mattresses, box spring, head and foot boards and under the bed for signs of bedbugs. "After they've fed at night, they go and hide in the cracks and the crevices of the headboard and wait for you to come back to bed," said Gemma Holmes, owner of the Nashville-based Holmes Pest Control.
  • Check the alarm clock on your nightstand, along with electrical outlets. "It's a warm spot," Holmes said.'

Writing Done Just by Me...

Yes, I've been more noticeable by my absence that my usually witty and urbane thoughts on this or that. Except for articles posted once in February and a few yesterday and this morning, I have not been around or online to digress or empty my monkey mind. Which is still screaming and scratching at its groin. I suspect it is not swinging through the trees, as that takes more energy than I can muster.

My health is suddenly deteriorating very, very quickly. In the last two or three months, I've been getting more tired a lot more quickly and in the last two or more weeks, I'm having flare-ups almost daily. So when I get home, I take my "before I go to bed" nap. I usually hang out in my sky chair and maybe I watch the telly, but more often I read. Reading is much more worth it. Not that the telly is so bad, but it will never be as good as a book.

So my last day of work is 18 March. A little weird, a lot unhappy, but also a wealth of relief. I've been pushing myself much too hard the last few months and it is finally catching up with me.

ARTICLE: Largest Earthquake in 35 Years Hits Akansas

GREENBRIER, Ark. – The central Arkansas town of Greenbrier has been plagued for months by hundreds of small earthquakes, and after being woken up by the largest quake to hit the state in 35 years, residents said Monday they're unsettled by the increasing severity and lack of warning.

The U.S. Geological Survey recorded the quake at 11 p.m. Sunday, centered just northeast of Greenbrier, about 40 miles north of Little Rock. It was the largest of more than 800 quakes to strike the area since September in what is now being called the Guy-Greenbrier earthquake swarm.

The activity has garnered national attention and researchers are studying whether there's a possible connection to the region's natural gas drilling industry. The earthquake activity varies each week, though as many as nearly two dozen small quakes have occurred in a day.

"You don't know what to expect. It's unnerving," said Corinne Tarkington, an employee at a local flower and gift shop. "I woke up last night to the sound of my house shaking."

What woke Tarkington was a magnitude 4.7 earthquake that was also felt in Oklahoma, Missouri, Tennessee and Mississippi. No injuries or major damage have been reported, but the escalation in the severity of quakes in and around the small north-central Arkansas town has many residents on edge. Some said they're seeing gradual damage to their homes, such as cracks in walls and driveways.

"We probably had 40 to 50 calls last night," Greenbrier police Sgt. Rick Woody said, noting that the tone of the calls had changed. After pervious quakes, most callers simply wanted to find out if a loud noise they'd heard was an earthquake. "The fear had calmed down until last night," Woody said Monday. "People's biggest concerns (now) are whether or not these earthquakes are going to get any bigger."

Scott Ausbrooks, seismologist for the Arkansas Geological Survey, said Sunday's record quake was at the "max end" of what scientists expect to happen, basing that judgment on this swarm and others in the past. It's possible that a quake ranging from magnitude 5.0 to 5.5 could occur, but anything greater than that is highly unlikely, he said.

Ausbrooks said he plans to hold a town hall meeting in Greenbrier next month to address people's concerns. "This quake actually scared folks," he said. "It lasted longer than a lot of the others did."

Ausbrooks said scientists continue to study whether there may be a connection between the earthquakes and local injection wells, where the natural gas industry pumps waste water that can no longer be used by drillers for hydraulic fracturing. Fracturing, or "fracking," involves injecting pressurized water to create fractures deep in the ground to help free the gas.

Geologists don't believe the fracturing is the problem, but possibly the injection wells.

A major source of the state's natural gas is the Fayetteville Shale, an organically-rich rock formation in north-central Arkansas. A six-month moratorium was established in January on new injection wells in the area to allow time to study the relationship — if any — between the wells and the earthquakes.

In Greenbrier, many residents are starting to notice gradual damage. Tarkington said her house has started to show cracks in ceilings and walls. "You can see the wear and tear on our houses," she said. "I wish they'd go away."

Taylor Farrell, 29, a Greenbrier resident and employee at a local flea market, said a large crack formed in her driveway several months ago, and as the earthquakes continue, the crack has spread into her garage. She said she and her husband had removed everything from the walls of their house, including family photos and television sets, because many photos had fallen in recent quakes. "Other than that, there's really not much more you can do," she said. "It's Mother Earth. It's going to do what it's going to do. All we can do is wait for the big one and hope and pray it doesn't happen."

Daylight Saving Time

A trip around the world reveals that time isn't a synchronized science

by John Gettings and Borgna Brunner

At 2 a.m. on March 13, 2011, groggy Americans will turn their clocks forward one hour, marking the beginning of Daylight Saving Time (DST).

The federal law that established "daylight time" in the United States does not require any area to observe daylight saving time. But if a state chooses to observe DST, it must follow the starting and ending dates set by the law. From 1986 to 2006 this was the first Sunday in April to the last Sunday in October, but starting in 2007, it is observed from the second Sunday in March to the first Sunday in November, adding about a month to daylight saving time. (See: New Federal Law.)

No More Sunlight in Arizona and Hawaii

Arizona (with the exception of the Navajo Nation) and Hawaii and the territories of Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, Guam, and American Samoa are the only places in the U.S. that do not observe DST but instead stay on "standard time" all year long. And if you've spent any time in the sweltering summer sun in those regions you can understand why residents don't need another hour of sunlight.

The Dawning of DST in Indiana

Until April 2005, when Indiana passed a law agreeing to observe daylight saving time, the Hoosier state had its own unique and complex time system. Not only is the state split between two time zones, but until recently, only some parts of the state observed daylight saving time while the majority did not.

Under the old system, 77 of the state's 92 counties were in the Eastern Time Zone but did not change to daylight time in April. Instead they remained on standard time all year. That is, except for two counties near Cincinnati, Ohio, and Louisville, Ky., which did use daylight time.

But the counties in the northwest corner of the state (near Chicago) and the southwestern tip (near Evansville), which are in the Central Time Zone, used both standard and daylight time.

The battle between the old system and DST was contentious and hard-won—bills proposing DST had failed more than two dozen times until finally squeaking through the state legislature in April 2005. As of April 2, 2006, the entire state of Indiana joined 47 other states in observing Daylight Saving Time. But it wasn't quite as simple and straightforward as all that—telling time in Indiana remains something of a bewildering experience: eighteen counties now observed Central Daylight Time and the remaining 74 counties of Indiana observe Eastern Daylight Time.

New Federal Law—Springing Forward in March, Back in November

Months after Indiana passed the law that got it in step with the rest of the country; the federal government announced a major change in Daylight Saving Time. In Aug. 2005, Congress passed an energy bill that included extending Daylight Saving Time by about a month. As of 2007, DST starts the second Sunday of March and ends on the first Sunday of November.

Comparisons Around the World

More than one billion people in about 70 countries around the world observe DST in some form. Here are interesting facts about some of these countries:

Most of Canada uses Daylight Saving Time. Some exceptions include the majority of Saskatchewan and British Columbia. In the fall of 2005, Manitoba and Ontario announced that like the United States, they would extend daylight time starting in 2007. The attorney general of Ontario commented that "it is important to maintain Ontario's competitive advantage by coordinating time changes with our major trading partner, and harmonizing our financial, industrial, transportation, and communications links." Other provinces have indicated that they may also follow suit.

It wasn't until 1996 that our NAFTA neighbors in Mexico adopted DST. Now all three Mexican time zones are on the same schedule as the United States.

Also in 1996, members of the European Union agreed to observe a "summer-time period" from the last Sunday in March to the last Sunday in October.

Most countries near the equator don't deviate from standard time.

In the Southern Hemisphere, where summer arrives in what we in the Northern Hemisphere consider the winter months, DST is observed from late October to late March.

Three large regions in Australia do not participate in DST. Western Australia, the Northern Territory, and Queensland stay on standard time all year. The remaining south-central and southeastern sections of the continent (which is where Sydney and Melbourne are found) make the switch. This results in both vertical and horizontal time zones Down Under during the summer months.

China, which spans five time zones, is always eight hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time and it does not observe DST.

In Japan, DST was implemented after World War II by the U.S. occupation. In 1952 it was abandoned because of strong opposition by Japanese farmers.

Wednesday, 2 March 2011

ARTICLE: Apple Unveils Thinner, Faster, Camera-Packing iPad

A year after revitalizing the once-sleepy, now red-hot tablet market with the original iPad, Apple surprised absolutely no one Wednesday by taking the wrapper off a slimmer, trimmer version of the wildly popular slate, complete with a front-facing camera for video chat (finally!) and a souped-up processor.

The new iPad 2 took the spotlight during a press event at San Francisco's Yerba Buena Center for the Arts, with none other than Apple CEO Steve Jobs—who is still on medical leave, mind you ("he looks good," Engadget noted on its live blog)—taking the stage to unveil the much-anticipated follow-up to the best-selling original.

The "dramatically faster" iPad 2 boasts a dual-core A5 "system on a chip" processor under the hood, said Jobs, good for twice the CPU power and nine times the graphics performance of the original while maintaining the same 10-hour battery life.

Also new: dual cameras (at last), including a front-facing camera for VGA-quality video chat, while the rear camera will be good for 720p video capture. (Apple hasn't listed specific megapixel counts for the iPad 2's cameras yet.)

As predicted, the 9.7-inch display on the iPad 2 has the same resolution as that on the original: 1,024 by 768, to be exact, disappointing news for anyone hoping that the new iPad would boast an improved "retina"-style display.

Measuring 9.5 by 7.3 by 0.34 inches, the iPad 2 is slightly shorter and narrower than the original (according to Apple's specs, at least), with the listed weight of 1.33 pounds (or 1.35 for the 3G-enabled iPad 2) a bit lighter than the iPad 1.

As with the first iPad, the iPad 2 comes with Apple's proprietary 30-pin dock connector for syncing and charging, along with a 3.5mm headset jack. Missing in action, however, is a slot for SD (or microSD) memory cards.

A white version of the iPad will be available on "Day One," promised Jobs, with Apple probably hoping to avoid last year's debacle of the white iPhone that never quite arrived.

The iPad 2 retains the same price points as the original: $499 for the 16GB version, $599 for the 32GB model, and $699 for the 64GB model. The 3G-enabled versions will again come at a $130 premium, and they'll be available for both AT&T and Verizon Wireless.

The ship date? March 11 in the U.S., and March 25 in 26 additional countries.

Jobs also announced a new "Smart Cover" to go along with the iPad 2—one with magnetic clasps that either wakes up the iPad or puts it to sleep depending on whether it's being attached or removed. The polyurethane version of the case will sell for $39, while a pricier leather one goes for $69.

Another new accessory is a $39 HDMI video-out cable that's capable of 1080p video mirroring. The cable works with all iPad apps, Jobs said, and it'll charge your iPad when plugged into a power source.

March 11 will also see the release of iOS version 4.3, with new features such as personal hotspot support for the iPhone 4 (nice), a speedier version of Safari, improvements to AirPlay media streaming, and FaceTime video chat. Not bad, but the iOS 4.3 release on the 11th will only be for iPads, third- and fourth-generation iPod Touches, and the GSM version of the iPhone—meaning that owners of the iPhone for Verizon (which runs a CDMA network) will have to wait.

There will also be a new iPad version of Apple's iMovie video-editing app, which is slated to arrive March 11 for $4.99.

Before unveiling the new iPad, Jobs confirmed recent rumors that book publisher Random House, the last of the major iBooks holdouts, would be offering more than 17,000 volumes through Apple's e-book store.

Jobs also took a shot at Honeycomb, Google's new Android-based tablet OS, by bragging that only 100 Honeycomb-ready apps are currently available for download, versus about 65,000 apps for the iPad—perhaps not the fairest comparison, since the first Honeycomb-enabled tablet only landed in stores about a week ago.

The event is still in progress, so I'll be adding more details to this post as they're announced. (For the record, I'm not at Apple's event in person; instead, I'm following the festivities from my Brooklyn HQ.) Hit the "Refresh" button on your browser early and often for the very latest.

The first iPad, originally unveiled last January before landing in stores the following April, was initially greeted with skepticism.

Where's the camera, reviewers (including me, I'll admit) and wary consumers asked? Why no SD card slot—or USB, for that matter? How are you supposed to hold the thing, especially while tapping the on-screen keypad? Isn't it just a jumbo-sized iPod Touch? And what are you supposed to do with the thing, anyway?

Valid questions all, but in the end, the numbers speak for themselves: 14.8 million sold in 2010 alone, a total that shocked even the most optimistic Apple watchers, with the iPad laying waste to the once-burgeoning netbook market and even taking a bite out of laptop sales. During Wednesday's event, Jobs claimed that the iPad now has a 90-percent share of the tablet market.

Unsurprisingly, the massive success of the iPad has drawn a slew of competitors, with sleek new tablets from the likes of Dell, HP, LG, Motorola, and Samsung either on sale now or waiting in the wings.

Most of the hottest new tablets (such as the Motorola Xoom and the upcoming LG G-Slate) are based on Google's tablet-oriented Android 3.0 "Honeycomb" OS, although we'll also be seeing HP's WebOS-based TouchPad and the BlackBerry PlayBook from RIM.

ARTICLE: The iPad II: What We Know...

We're just a few short hours away from getting our first look at the long-awaited, next-generation iPad—or that's what we're expecting, at least.

Indeed, with all the leaks, rumors, and wild guesses we've been hearing in the past months about the next iPad, it's easy to forget that Apple hasn't even officially announced the thing yet, much less doled out any details or pictures.

Since we still have a little time to kill before Apple ends the suspense (the iPad event is slated for 10 a.m. PT Wednesday), let's go ahead and summarize what we know, what we think we know, and—most importantly—what we definitely don't know about the iPad 2.

What we know

The original iPad is still the only iPad, for now: Like I just said, Apple has yet to announce, acknowledge, make veiled references to, or even hint at a new iPad. Well … strike that: during Apple's most recent quarterly earnings call, Apple COO Tim Cook told analysts (who'd been asking about competition from impending Android-based tablets) that "we're not sitting still" in terms of the tablet market, a remark that may qualify as a vague hint.

Apple is set to hold an iPad-related event: The invitations went out last week, with an image showing a Mac OS calendar page peeled back to reveal an iPad peeking out from behind. The caption: "Come see what 2011 will be the year of." So yes—the writing's on the wall, but the invite stops short of saying "come meet the iPad 2" or anything like that.

Last but not least, we know that ... uh ... : If we're only talking about things we definitely know about the next iPad ... well, strictly speaking, we don't know much more than what I just outlined above.

What we don't know

What it'll be called: Everyone's been calling the next iPad the "iPad 2," and there's even a new (and likely fan-generated) rendering of the next-generation tablet floating around with the "iPad 2" name stamped on the back. But as far as I know, no one's come out and reported that the iPad 2 will, in fact, be called the iPad 2. Apple's been known to throw curve balls when it comes to naming its next-gen products (like, for example, the iPhone 3G and 3GS), so I wouldn't put all my eggs in the "iPad 2" basket.

How much internal storage it'll have: Will we get an iPad 2 model with 128GB of built-in flash storage, or will the largest next-gen iPad still top out at 64GB? Hard to say. There have been scattered reports of iPad 2 mockups with "128GB" etched onto the back, but that may be more a case of wishful thinking than a concrete clue. I predict the priciest iPad will still offer "just" 64GB of flash storage (which still costs a premium compared to conventional disc-based hard drives), but that's only a guess on my part.

How much it will cost: Apple is in the habit of marking its next-generation products with the same price as the previous generation, and there's no reason to believe that Cupertino will change course with the iPad 2. Again, though, we've yet to hear any reliable rumors about pricing. (For the record, the current iPad costs anywhere from $499 for the 16GB Wi-Fi-only version to $829 for the 64GB 3G iPad.)

When it will ship: Conventional wisdom initially had it that the new iPad would probably hit stores about a month or so after being announced, but now there's talk the iPad 2 might be available immediately. Maybe so, but personally, I'm hedging my bets until Apple serves up the official line.

What we think we know

Slimmer profile, less heft: Just about everyone seems to agree that the redesigned iPad will be "smaller" and "lighter" than its predecessor, complete with a flatter back and tapered edges. Indeed, chatter about a slimmed-down iPad 2 shell has been so consistent (not to mention a logical progression for the iPad line) that I'd be shocked if it didn't come to pass.

A camera, or two: Another consistent iPad 2 rumor has it that Apple will fix one of the biggest criticisms of the original iPad—namely, the lack of a camera. A recent Wall Street Journal story claimed that the new iPad will have "at least" one camera in front for FaceTime video chat, and there have been countless sightings of purported iPad 2 cases with strategically placed holes in back for a second, rear-facing lens. While there still seems to be some lingering doubt about a second camera, a front-facing lens is pretty much a no-brainer, particularly since each and every iPad competitor out there has one.

Same-resolution display: The hot rumor back in December had it that the iPad 2 would arrive with a sharper, 2,048-by-1,536 pixel display, good for a "retina"-style screen similar to the one on the iPhone 4. But the latest word and some leaked spy shots have poured cold water on the buzz, and it's now looking almost certain that the revamped iPad display will come with a 1,024-by-768-resolution display, same as the original. Oh well. (Don't worry; recent chatter has it that the iPad 3—yes, 3—might get the retina-display treatment.)

Faster, beefier processor: "Dual-core" is the gotta-have spec when it comes to this year's hottest smartphones and gadgets, and the iPad 2 is no exception. Most believe the revamped tablet will get an updated, dual-core version of Apple's A4 "system-on-a-chip," complete with 512MB of RAM (double the 256MB RAM in the original iPad) and some seriously souped-up graphics capabilities.

Better speaker: The new iPad is reportedly in line for an improved, "wide-ranged" speaker, with the more prominent speaker grille said to be sitting right where the current three-hole speaker on the first iPad lives. Or so they say.

No SD card: An SD (or microSD) card slot on the next iPad would allow for easy memory expansion and speedy photo uploading. It's a nice idea, but early buzz on Apple adding an SD card slot to the iPad has given way to near-universal agreement that it won't actually happen. Bummer.

No 4G support: Not on Verizon Wireless, at least, according to the Wall Street Journal, which adds that the 3G version of the iPad 2 will be available through AT&T and Verizon but not Sprint or T-Mobile.

So, got any predictions about the impending iPad announcement? Post 'em below.